Performance Evaluation of Rubblized Pavements in Iowa

Project status


Start date: 01/01/06
End date: 10/31/06


Principal investigators:

Co-principal investigators:

About the research

This Phase II follow-up study of IHRB Project TR-473 focused on the performance evaluation of rubblized pavements in Iowa. The primary objective of this study was to evaluate the structural condition of existing rubblized concrete pavements across Iowa through Falling Weight Deflectometer (FWD) tests, Dynamic Cone Penetrometer (DCP) tests, visual pavement distress surveys, etc. Through backcalculation of FWD deflection data using the ISU?s advanced layer moduli backcalculation program, the rubblized layer moduli were determined for various projects and compared with each other for correlating with the long-term pavement performance. The AASHTO structural layer coefficient for rubblized layer was also calculated using the rubblized layer moduli. To validate the mechanistic-empirical (M-E) hot mix asphalt (HMA) overlay thickness design procedure developed during the Phase I study, the actual HMA overlay thicknesses from the rubblization projects were compared with the predicted thicknesses obtained from the design software.

The results of this study show that rubblization is a valid option to use in Iowa in the rehabilitation of PCC provided the foundation is strong enough to support construction operations during the rubblization process. The M-E structural design methodology developed during Phase I can estimate the HMA overlay thickness reasonably well to achieve long-lasting performance of HMA pavements. The rehabilitation strategy is recommended for continued use in Iowa under those conditions conducive for rubblization.


Report: Rehabilitation of Concrete Pavements Utilizing Rubblization and Crack-and-Seat Methods: Phase II - Performance Evaluation of Rubblized Pavements in Iowa (8 mb pdf) April 2008

Tech transfer summary: Performance Evaluation of Rubblized Pavements in Iowa (109 kb pdf) Apr 2008



  • Iowa Department of Transportation
  • Iowa Highway Research Board