Quality Control/Quality Assurance Testing for Joint Density and Segregation of Asphalt Mixtures

Project status

Completed

Start date: 08/01/10
End date: 04/26/13

Researcher(s)

Principal investigators:

Co-principal investigator:

Student researcher:

  • CAN CHEN

About the research

Longitudinal joint quality control/assurance is essential to the successful performance of asphalt pavements and it has received considerable amount of attention in recent years. The purpose of the study is to evaluate the level of compaction at the longitudinal joint and determine the effect of segregation on the longitudinal joint performance.

 Five paving projects with the use of traditional butt joint, infrared joint heater,edge restraint by milling and modified butt joint with the hot pinch longitudinal joint construction techniques were selected in this study. For each project, field density and permeability tests were made and cores from the pavement were obtained for in-lab permeability, air void and indirect tensile strength. Asphalt content and gradations were also obtained to determine the joint segregation. In general, this study finds that the minimum required joint density should be around 90.0 percent of the theoretical maximum density based on the AASHTO T166 method. The restrained-edge by millingandbutt joint with the infrared heat treatment construction methods bothcreate the joint density higher than this 90.0 percent limit. Traditional butt joint exhibits lower density and higher permeability than the criterion. In addition, all of the projects appear to have segregation at the longitudinal joint except for the edge-restraint by milling method.

Publications

Report: Quality Control/Quality Assurance Testing for Joint Density and Segregation of Asphalt Mixtures (1.77 mb pdf) April 2013

Tech transfer summary: Quality Control/Quality Assurance Testing for Joint Density and Segregation of Asphalt Mixtures (644.31 kb pdf) May 2013

Sponsor(s)/partner(s)

Sponsor(s):

  • Iowa Department of Transportation
  • Iowa Highway Research Board